1507 - Waldseemüller map is the first map to include the name “America” and the first to depict the Americas as separate from Asia. There is only one surviving copy of the map, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 2001 for $10 million.
One of Homann’s most interesting and
influential maps, this 1725 map depicts the Caspian Sea and the Peninsula of Kamchatka. Essentially two maps in
one, Homann here juxtaposes two opposite parts of Asia: the Caspian
Sea, which forms part the western border of Asia and Europe, and
the Peninsula of Kamchatka, the easternmost known point in
continental Asia. More on this map at Wikipedia Commons.