This hand coloured map depicts the Moon; All major craters, seas, and other physical features. Published in Stieler’s Hand Atlas, 1880.
The siege of Kandahar was a conflict between the ruler of Iran, Nader Shah, and the Afghan Hotaki dynasty that took place between April 1737 and March 1738. Much of the duration of the siege saw little fighting as Nader’s forces’ lack of heavy artillery forced them to settle into a blockade of Kandahar. As the Iranians became more impatient, they made several attempts to take the city by storm but the Afghans defiantly repulsed these attempts. On March 25, 1738 the city surrendered.
1507 - Waldseemüller map is the first map to include the name “America” and the first to depict the Americas as separate from Asia. There is only one surviving copy of the map, which was purchased by the Library of Congress in 2001 for $10 million.
One of Homann’s most interesting and
influential maps, this 1725 map depicts the Caspian Sea and the Peninsula of Kamchatka. Essentially two maps in
one, Homann here juxtaposes two opposite parts of Asia: the Caspian
Sea, which forms part the western border of Asia and Europe, and
the Peninsula of Kamchatka, the easternmost known point in
continental Asia. More on this map at Wikipedia Commons.